In the field of Engineering and Construction, the term MEP (MEP Means) is a combination of three words: Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing; which are the three essential elements to consider during the construction of a building. MEP adds meaning to a building by providing a layout of these three elements throughout the structure. It is assembled in such a way that it does not interfere with the other building components. A lot of effort and expertise is required to efficiently, yet effectively plan the layout.
“In short, MEP means the Initiation planning execution and closure of a building’s Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing works.”
What is an MEP Engineer?
A personnel qualified in electrical, mechanical or any relevant field of engineering can pursue the career as an MEP Engineer. A good MEP Engineer has thorough knowledge of the best practices in establishing Electrical, Mechanical and Plumbing Hardwares. But his role is not limited to just the MEP’s. A responsible MEP engineer also takes care of the automation systems involved in a building while giving a sustainable building design.
An MEP engineer’s work starts as soon as the proposal is received for a building design. As soon as the blueprint of the building is ready, the MEP engineer checks for feasible Mechanical Electrical and Plumbing layouts. He checks if the three elements can be embedded into the design of the building. If any changes in the design needs to be made, an MEP engineer proposes the most efficient way while laying down the MEP works without significantly increasing the costs.
For example, while laying out the internal wiring work of the building, an MEP engineer has to ensure the minimal usage of wires without any wastage. Unnecessary wiring can cause confusion during times of maintenance. Also while laying out the pipelines, unnecessary piping systems can be avoided at irrelevant places. This helps in estimation of reduced costs..
An MEP engineer’s work does not end there. As the construction of the building proceeds, an MEP engineer is expected to be available on site so that he can calculate the layout and inspect the work on the go while making future projections. There may be cases where the Plumbing lines might coincide with the mechanical lines. In such cases, an MEP engineer has to take extra care during execution and must prepare safety backups to prevent future mishaps. He also ensures that the integration and execution of these elements meets the standards set by the concerned authorities.
In short, an MEP Engineer is in charge of the design and planning of MEP systems, building policies, preparing and reviewing the blueprints, Inspect the works, Estimating the costs and staying on the site, working closely with the architects and builders to make corrections (if any) on the go.
The Scope of MEP in Construction varies with the project. The work of an MEP engineer in the commercial sector can range from something as small as building a warehouse to huge projects such as shopping malls, hospitals, IT infrastructures, Pharmaceuticals, Premium Vehicle Showrooms, Skyscrapers where a team of skilled MEP Engineers are required. The scope is futuristic and infinite.
Divisions of MEP in Construction Field
Each of these divisions need one another to support them. For example, the mechanical department takes on the installation of solar panels. The Electrical department takes care of the wiring and electrical circuits. It is necessary for these three wings to work together in order to prevent confusion and clashes. The EMP engineer is responsible for using quality materials and excellent build quality so that the integrated systems provide value on a long term basis.
It is necessary for a building to integrate an efficient MEP system so as to facilitate the living and functioning of one’s day to day activities. The integration and its complexity varies from the size, structure and purpose of the architecture. Pharmaceuticals prefer systems for cold storage and laborotical uses for temperature and humidity moderation. Hence they would require completely sealed rooms with climate control. Whereas restaurant chains need an exhaust system to vacuum out the smoke in the kitchens.
Importance of MEP Planning & Integration in Construction
It is necessary to choose an experienced team who can assist you right from the beginning of the project. Experience, skill and proper understanding in the integration of these MEP systems at a reasonable cost is what you should look for, if you are planning to construct your new building or renovate an existing one..